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Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

By William Chanfrau, Jr. on November 14, 2014

A brain scan, performed after an accident to confirm the presence of a traumatic brain injuryThere are few types of injury as life altering and debilitating as a traumatic brain injury. While the brain is remarkably resilient, even a minor injury can cause significant difficulties in a person’s abilities to function. A severe brain injury can have devastating consequences, essentially rendering a person unable to perform even the most basic of tasks without assistance.

The experienced Central Florida brain injury attorneys of Chanfrau & Chanfrau have devoted their careers to helping injured victims and their families obtain the full measure of compensation to which they are entitled under the law. If you or a member of your family has suffered a brain injury due to someone else’s negligent or deliberately malicious actions, you should not have to shoulder the economic consequences of those actions on your own. Our skilled, aggressive lawyers will take decisive legal action against the party responsible for your pain and suffering and present the strongest case possible on your behalf, regardless of the type of brain injury you or your loved one has suffered.

Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

There are several types of traumatic brain injury, all of which can range in severity and cause significant impairment:

  • Concussion: A concussion can take several months or even years to heal and be accompanied by either temporary or permanent damage. In worst case scenarios, a fatal blood clot can occur in the brain.
  • Contusion: A contusion is a bruise on the brain that, if large enough, may require surgery in order to remove.
  • Coup-contrecoup: This type of contusion occurs when a blow is so hard that it causes a contusion to occur both at the site of the trauma and on the opposite side of the brain, where a collision occurred with the wall of the skull.
  • Diffuse axonal injury: This type of injury occurs when the brain is jolted suddenly within the skull, causing the tearing of nerve tissue throughout the brain, disrupting the brain’s normal communication and chemical processes.
  • Penetrating injuries: These types of injuries occur when an object such as a bullet, knife, shard of glass, or other sharp object penetrate the skull and force hair, skin, and fragments of skull into the brain.

Traumatic brain injuries can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe:

  • Mild TBIs generally result in very brief loss of consciousness, if any at all. The person may seem to be confused or dazed at the time of the accident, but brain scans reveal no abnormalities.
  • Moderate TBIs result in loss of consciousness that lasts from a few minutes to a few hours, while changes in behavior, memory, or physical ability may last for weeks, years, or even a lifetime.
  • Severe TBIs generally require long-term care, and complete rehabilitation is not a possibility. Functional and cognitive disabilities are usually permanent.

Learn More about Types of Brain Injury

To learn more about the various types of brain injury, or to arrange for an evaluation of your TBI case, please contact the law firm of Chanfrau & Chanfrau today.

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